Host status for the nematode was determined mainly from changes in total populations, but the presence of eggs in the uteri of females and changes in the numbers of adults provided additional criteria. The nematode multiplied on relatively more woody perennials than on herbaceous crop plants or weeds. Chrysanthemum coronarium was the only plant on which numbers declined significantly below those on the controls. Most plant species became infected with either AMV or SLRV. Neither virus was detected in eight out of thirteen species of trees and shrubs although four were good hosts for the nematode. Galling or distortion of the terminal region of fine feeder roots, associated with X. diversicaudatum feeding, was seen on many of the experimental plants.